Tithe Lists and Tithe-proctors

The tithe system earmarked one-tenth of the produce of the land for the maintenance of the clergy of the established Church of Ireland. Until 1823 tithes could be paid in money or in kind (the Tithe Composition Act of that year stipulated that henceforth all tithes were to be paid in money). It was unpopular in Ulster because the Church of Ireland was a minority religion and both Presbyterians and Catholics resented paying the tithe to an alien church.
During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries an increasing number of tithe transactions were arranged by ‘modus decimandi.’ This substituted monetary payments for tithe in kind and 'established modes of valuing tithe, in some places by the acre, in others by the quantity of produce'. (A Layman of the Church of England, Address to the Protestant clergy of Ireland, Dublin 1787). In 1751 in the parishes of Ardstraw, Urney and Camus fixed sums for tithe payments included 9d for a milch cow, 1d for a …

Postcards Limavady 2

A postcard of Balteagh Church of Ireland a few miles outside of Limavady.
Drumachose Church of Ireland (Christchurch)
Drumachose Presbyterian Church
Limavady First Presbyterian Church  St Mary's RC chapel on Irish Green Street Carrick Rocks
Largy Bridge
Finvola's Chair
Largy Bridge also known as the Dog Leap Bridge
Postcard of Limavady from Mullagh
The River Roe
Carrick Bridge
Public Elementary School, Limavady built 1929 Roe Park House (now Roe Park resort hotel).

Postcards & Local history - Limavady

James McKay was a stationer and newsagent at 70 Main Street, Limavady in the 1940s. He produced a pack of 12 hand coloured real photographs of Limavady - below is a copy of the cover of the pack and a number of the colored postcards that were part of this collection. Most were photos of landscapes and landmarks in the Roe valley, an area of outstanding natural beauty. These cards were probably purchased by locals in the area as cameras were not common in many homes at that time.

Below are two photographs taken of Linenhall Street at different times and also from different places. Although the second card has a few tears it is an attractive colored picture. The line of red bricked houses on the immediate right was called Albert Terrace.

Below is s very pretty card taken of Main Street, Limavady and it is possible that this is a pre-1900 card probably made in the 1890s. It evokes an image of serener times when life was lived at a slower pace and folk had time to talk to each other on t…

Postcards and local history - Magilligan

Postcards are connected to the tourism and heritage industry in Ireland. They are an important source of information on Ireland's social and cultural history. Sometimes, a postcard is the only example of a place in a certain era in color. Or they may document the work of early noted photographers; most printed postcards are made from the works of professional, not amateur, photographers, resulting in excellent production values. Photographic studios often produced postcards of localities for local consumption and for the tourist. 

The popularity of postcards has waxed and waned since their introduction in the late nineteenth century. The “golden age of postcards” was the early twentieth century. For this period, pictorial documentation in postcards give insight into aspects of Irish life and culture. The cards showcase changes in printing technology, postal regulations, and travel interests. 

Postcards provide important visual information about so many elements of Irish society that…

Grand Jury records - boringly good?

Grand Jury records - boringly good?

In 1765 an act of parliament transferred the responsibility of maintaining major roads to the county grand jury. Grand juries were also allowed to finance road building by being able to impose a county-cess. Later an act was passed permitting parishes to raise an extra tax to maintain minor roads, while an Act for the making of narrow roads through the mountainous unimproved parts of this kingdom permitted grand juries to raise money for this purpose also. The result of this legislation was a dramatic increase in the number of miles of road in the province, so that by 1800 Ulster had one of the densest road networks in Western Europe.The grand jury was selected by the high sheriff from the leading property owners in the county. Its membership was almost exclusively Protestant and was often chosen from a limited group of well-connected families. Catholics were forbidden to serve until 1793.
Surviving grand jury records PRONI

Presentment boo…

Ballymaclary townland in Magilligan parish

Ballymaclary is a townland in the parish of Tamlaghtard also known as Magilligan. It is a coastal townland of 1.2 square miles named after a local family of the name McClarey. Magilligan was historically church land. At the time of the plantation the Gage family of Northampton got a long lease from the see of Derry. The seat of the family of Gage was Bellerena (formerly Ballymargie).

Baile-mhic-Laeghaire the townland of McLary or McClarey

The following list shows the variation in spelling of the townland through the years 1654-1806. In the mid-eighteenth century the townland became part of the Bacon estate (probably through intermarriage with the Gages). At various times families of the name Cust, Reynolds and Law had interests in the townland as revealed by a number of registered deeds. Around the year 1800 Ballymaclary was subsumed into the Hervey-Bruce estate.

1654 civil survey: BellimcMary

1656 Map: Ballinlary

1659 census: Bally Mclary

1662 Subsidy roll: Ballymclary

1663 Hearth mo…

Quaker meeting houses connected to Antrim

Quakerism had its origins in the northwest of England in the mid seventeenth century. William Edmunson established a meeting in Lurgan as early as 1654. Quaker meeting houses in the Bann Valley area that were formed in the mid to late seventeenth century and included Toberhead, Dunglady and Coleraine in county Derry and in Co Antrim - Ballynacree (on the Vow road near Ballymoney), Lower Grange near Portglenone and Antrim town. Ideally weekly meetings were to be held in each of these regional locations (often in a local home) and then representatives were to be sent to the monthly meeting held in Antrim, which was the regional hub for Quakerism in the area. 
All of the local Quaker meetings struggled to survive in the region because Presbyterianism had become strongly embedded in the Bann valley from the Ulster Plantation. Most of these regional outposts struggled on throughout the eighteenth century but diminishing numbers caused by an outflow of emigrants and local decay saw the closu…